1. Language learning, and therefore teaching, is also teaching learners ways of learning. Showing them how to learn independently of the teacher increases their belief in themselves. By doing some Learner Training in class, the teacher is contributing to develop learners’ autonomy.
Which of the alternatives below is NOT part of Learner Training?
A) Help learners with the use of dictionaries;
B) Encourage learners to do self-correction;
C) Guide learners to discover / understand grammar topics;
D) Translate every time learners ask about meaning of new words.
E) Encourage learners to take responsibility for their own learning.
2. Consider the following principles:
- Learning is facilitated through attention to similarities between the target language and the native language;
- It is possible to find native language equivalents for all target language words;
- Deductive application of an explicit grammar rule is a useful pedagogical technique.
To which of the approaches below do the three principles above belong?
A) Total Physical Response
C) Communicative Approach
3. The Suggestopedia Approach claims that learning is facilitated in a relaxed, comfortable environment. It also believes that a student can learn from what is present in the environment, even if his attention is not directed to it. How do we call this kind of learning?
A) Conscious Learning
B) Peripheral Learning
C) Automatic Learning
D) Compulsory Learning
E) Non-linguistic Learning
4. In which of the Approaches below would you observe these four behaviors?
- The teacher gives the students the directions for the activity in English;
- The students unscramble the sentences of the newspaper article;
- A student makes an error. The teacher and other students ignore it;
- The students suggest alternative forms they would use to state a prediction to a colleague.
B) Communicative Approach
C) The Silent Way
E) The Audio-Lingual Method
5. When doing a reading activity in class which of the alternative below IS NOT IMPORTANT to help/ facilitate students’ reading comprehension?
A) Set the context of the text
B) Pre-teach some new vocabulary
C) Identify the kind of text (letter, report, articles….)
D) Choose an article from an American magazine
E) Explore layout of the text
6. What is the teacher´s role when he/she has set up an activity in which students will mostly work on their own in pairs or groups?
A) Listen carefully to as many students as possible, going over and correcting mistakes, offering ideas, encouraging every student to participate, etc.
B) Sit down and read a book.
C) Go out of the room and have a coffee.
D) Approach students and provide the answers.
E) Join in the tasks as a participant.
7. It is not enough just to know the meaning of words – you must also know the word class otherwise you will make a lot of mistakes in speaking and writing. Analyze the words below and choose the one which is being described.
- It’s a verb which is followed by a gerund ( ‘ing’ form).
A) Weather B) Desert C) Win D) Avoid E) Fond
8. Which is the correct description for the word ‘GUESS’?
A) It’s an irregular verb.
B) It’s a phrasal verb.
C) It can be a verb or a noun, and as a verb it is irregular.
D) It’s an adjective.
E) It can be a verb or a noun, and as a verb it is regular.
Read the following text then, answer questions 29, 30 and 31.
Seeing Eye to Eye with English
Ok, let’s face facts: English is not an easy language. As well as its irregularities and enormous lists of rules, it has thousands of tricky idioms – too many to learn by heart. And what do they all mean? Sometimes you can only guess and keep your fingers crossed. Take these bodily examples: Little children are often called “cheeky”. Why? Because they are rude to adults. But surely they don’t use their
cheeks to be rude. And what about nosy old women? Have,they got lots of noses? No, they are interested in everyone else’s business and of course they will get on your nerves after a while.
If you are busy at work, you probably have your hands full, though actually it’s your desk that will be full. And if you let things get out of hand, you may need someone to give you a hand so that you don’t get the elbow. But on the other hand, if you see eye to eye with your boss, you’ll robably keep your job anyway.
Even out of the workplace you can’t escape idioms. Imagine you go to a restaurant. First you have to catch the waiter’s eye to get a menu. Then you have to make up your mind about what to eat.
All these idioms – it’s enough to break your heart!
9. The expression ‘Take these bodily examples’ in the text, means:
A) Idioms that use sign language
B) Idioms that describes people’s appearance
C) Idioms that has to do with eating habits
D) Idioms that make use of parts of the body
E) None of these options
10. The words: tricky – cheeky – nosy in the text are examples of:
A) Adverbs B) Conjunctions C) Adjectives D) Pronouns E) Verbs
11. In the sentence “If you see eye to eye with your boss, you’ll probably keep your job anyway” which grammar structure was used:
A) Reported Speech B) First conditional C) Future perfect D) Third conditional
E) Present Perfect
12. Morphology is the study of morphemes, their different forms and the way they combine in word formations. Which of the alternatives below is NOT correct?
A) Comfort B) Uncomfortable C) Uncomfortably D) Comfortably E) Discomfortable
13. Choose the RIGHT alternative for the meaning of the word ‘ACTUALLY’:
A) Nowadays B) At the present time C) Eventually D) Every day E) Really / in fact
14. Which of these sentences DO NOT express a future idea?
A) Don’t worry! I’ll help you with your homework later.
B) I’ll see you at the party tonight.
C) The train leaves in ten minutes.
D) Do you think Liverpool will win on Saturday?
E) I usually drink orange juice for breakfast.
15. In the following words: Cough – Laugh – Enough – Rough – Tough the correct sound for the letters GH” is:
A) The sound of ‘R’ B) The sound of ‘G’ C) The sound of ‘D’ D) The sound of ‘F’
E) The sound of ‘T’
16. Practice the pronunciation of the following words. Where does the sound /ai/ (as in side) appear? Choose the correct alternative.
A) Symptoms B) Disease C) Constipation D) Diet E) Intake
DO YOU REALLY NEED ANOTHER CUP OF COFFEE?
Three or four cups of coffee a day may not sound excessive, yet some of the minor but debilitating symptoms many of us experience (like headaches, indigestion, palpitations) may be related to a quite modest caffeine intake.
A cup of “real” coffee, percolated or filter, contains 100mg- 150mg of caffeine, instant coffee, 80mg-100mg. Caffeine stimulates the nervous system, heart and kidnews and heavy coffee consumption (12 to 15 cups a day) is likely to produce signs of caffeine poisoning – headaches, irritability, buzzing in the ears, palpitations, indigestion,mupset stomach and general feeling of anxiety. But even three of four cups, containing less than the daily recommended limit of 600mg, can also trigger one or more of these symptons in susceptible people. Dr Heather Asthon, Reader in Psychopharmacology at Newcastle-upon-Tyne Medical School, believes the effects that caffeine hás also depend to some extent on personality and psycological factors. “When treating people on tranquillisers, I have found that they are often sensitive to caffeine- it tends to make their symptoms worse. It seems likely that even a moderate caffeine intake can increase symptoms in people who are already anxious.
Even a moderate intake can increase symptoms in people who are anxious
The long-term health hazards of caffeine – such as cancer of the urinary-tract, and breast and heart disease – have been the subject of much debate, but a large study carried out recently found no significant association between coffee consumption and any major cause of death. It migh be worthwhile, however, trying to find out if caffeine is responsible for some minor ills by gradually reducing intake.
Switching to tea is not much help as a cup of tea can contain up to 100mg of caffeine. Cocoa and cola drinks also contain caffeine. Decaffeinated coffee is not the answer either, because it tends to have greater gastrointestinal effects, sometimes causing indigestion or diarrhoea. And, like ordinary instant coffee, it also contains other substances (currently being researched) which may have undesirable effects on the nervous systems. Herbal teas, which contain low level of caffeine, fruit fuices and plenty of waker are the best substitutes. Also watch out for caffeine in painkillers and in cold remedies; you could end up ingesting several hundred miligrams of caffeine a day without even realising. Paracetamol or codeine are better, and cheaper, alternatives.
Source: A Way with Words – Resource Pack 2 – CUP
17. Which of these sentences is TRUE?
A) Coffee contains caffeine which stimulates the heart and nervous system and can cause headaches, diarrhoea and feelings of anxiety.
B) In the long term this can also lead to cancer and heart disease.
C) Tea is a much better substitute for caffeine.
D) The best substitute is decaffeinated coffee.
E) Painkillers do not contain caffeine.
18. In the text what is the meaning of the verb ‘trigger’?
A) To stop
B) To make something happen very quickly
C) To prevent
D) To cure
E) To hunt a Tiger
19. In the sentence: ‘When treating people on tranquillizers, I have found that they are often sensitive to caffeine – it tends to make their symptoms worse.’ – The pronoun ‘it’ refers to:
A) Caffeine B) People C) Symptoms D) Tranquillizers E) The doctor
20. Read the sentence below and decide which is the correct alternative.
‘Herbal teas, which contain low levels of caffeine, fruit juices and plenty of water are the best substitutes.’
The underlined part:
A) Can be removed AND the sentence would still have a complete idea;
B) Can be removed BUT the sentence would not have a complete idea.
C) Can go to the beginning of the sentence;
D) Can go to the end of the sentence;
E) Refers to fruit juices and water.